Learn how to analyze online surveys

Learn how to analyze online surveys

The data we get from a survey is unhelpful unless you analyze it, and the findings may be inaccurate if you don’t analyze them correctly. Analyzing can make the findings hard to read even when the analysis is correct. The people supposed to make decisions based on the analyzed data should be able to see and understand the findings at a glance; someone should have done all the hard work at the analysis stage.

How best to analyze survey data.

i.                 Consider the four measurement levels.

There are four measurement levels for survey questions. They determine how particular types of survey questions should be measured and the statistical methods used. The levels are as follows with brief explanations.

–        Nominal Scale

This is the level at which data without quantitative value is analyzed. Questions like, do you like your job? You can only have one of two answers, ‘Yes’ or ‘No.’ The only analysis you can do with such data is to count the number of times a response appears and then record the one that appears the most. You can present the outcome in percentages or even graphically, but it is all counting.

–        Ordinal Scale

This scale works when the survey data is presented quantitative value where one value is greater than the other. Questions that start with ‘On a scale of 1-5…’ fall under this scale. For such questions, you can find the median, mean, mode, etc.

–        Interval Scale

An Interval Scale can show both differences between values and the order in which they occur. However, this kind of data has no zero point, and you can find mode, median, and mean and still analyze any notable trends using available tools.

–        Ratio Scale

This pertains to questions like, ‘how much extra time do you spend on average every month?’ There is an order difference between values, and it has zero as part of the possible answers. You can also find the mode, median, and mean for this kind of data.

Other measures to take.

    i.                    Start by analyzing quantitative data.

Quantitative comes from close-ended questions that can be presented as numeric values. One can convert this kind of data into numeric values, and it gives good, crisp insights into the survey findings. Analyzing quantitative data first can enable you to understand your qualitative data more. Qualitative data gives the survey questions, but it is usually subjective. Having the quantitative findings beforehand enables you to make the right deductions.

  ii.                    Cross-tabulate to understand your audience

This is not necessary if your survey is on a closed audience, for example, employees of a single company. However, when you have a customer survey where every walk-in participates, cross-tabulation may help because not everyone who comes is your typical customer. The views of your typical customers should inform your decisions more even as you consider other participants’ views.

   iii.                    Categorize the data in participants’ demographics

The age of respondents always gives good insights into how you should act because people of different ages have different outlooks. Always have people’s ages in mind as you do the analysis.

Learn Word Roots to Strengthen Your Vocabulary

Learn Word Roots to Strengthen Your Vocabulary

Learning the following word roots and prefixes is a fast way to strengthen your vocabulary. Given that a fluent English speaker must learn over 5,000 words, combining word-parts is a smart approach. Even if you don’t know the meaning of a new word straight off, you can make an ‘educated guess’ if you only had a clue to the word root or prefix within the word.


Prefix or Word RootMeaningExample
a, ab/sfrom, away, offabstract
ambi, amphiboth, on both sides, aroundamphibian
ambulwalk, moveambulance
animlife, spiritanimal
antiagainst, opposite ofantibody
arch/a/iprimitive, ancientarchaeology
astro, asterstar, stars, outer spaceastronaut
autoself, same, oneautomatic
benegood, wellbenefactor
bi/ntwo, twice, once in every twobiweekly
biolife, living matterbiology
capt, cept, ceivetake, holdintercept, perceive
carn/iflesh, meatcarnivorous
cede, ceed, cessgo, yieldexceed
cent/ihundred, hundredthcentennial
chrom/o chromat/o, chroscolor, pigmentchromatic
circumaround, aboutcircumnavigate
claim, clamshout, speak outclamor
cowith, together, jointcoauthor
conwith, jointlyconcur
contra/oagainst, oppositecontradict
counteropposite, contrary, opposingcounteract
cryptohidden, secretencryption
cyclcircle, ringbicycle
dec/a, dekatendecade, decathalon
dent, donttoothdentist
diathrough, between, apart, acrossdiagonal
dyn/a/ampower, energy, strengthdynamic
dysabnormal, baddyslexia
e-out, awayevaporate
em, eninto, cover with, causeempathy
endowithin, insideendotherm
ethnorace, peopleethnic
exfrom, out,excavate
extra, extrooutside, beyondextraordinary
fac/tmake, domanufacture
flor/a, fleurflowerflorist
forein front of, previous, earlierforefront
fract, fragbreakfracture
functperform, workfunction
gen/o/e/birth, production,genealogy
geoearth, soil, globalgeography
gigaa billiongigabyte
gramletter, writtendiagram
graph/ywriting, recording, writtengraphics
hect/o, hecathundredhectare
helic/ospiral, circularhelicopter
hemihalf, partialhemicycle
herbigrass, plantherbs
heterodifferent, otherheterogeneous
homo, homeolike, alike, samehomogeneous
hydr/oliquid, waterhydroelectric
hypertoo much, over, beyondhyperactive
il, inin, intoilluminate
ig, il, im, in, irnot, withoutillegal, irrespective
infrabeneath, belowinfrastructure
interbetween, among, jointlyinternational
intra, introwithin, insideintrastate
lingulanguage, tonguelinguistics
macrolarge, greatmacroeconomics
magn/a/igreat, largemagnify
mal/ebad, ill, wrongmalcontent
maniamadness, excessive desiremaniac
mater, matr/imothermaternal
megagreat, large, millionmegastore
metachange, after, beyond, betweenmetaphysics
meter, metrmeasureaudiometer
microvery small, short, minutemicrometer
min/ismall, lessminiskirt
mis/obad, badly, wrong, wrongly,misbehave
multimany, more than one or twomulticolored
neonew, recentneolithic
parabeside, beyondparanormal
perthrough, throughoutpermit
periaround, enclosingperiscope
polymany, more than onepolygraph
postafter, behindpostdated
preearlier, before, in front ofprevention
probefore, in front of, foreproactive
psych/omind, mentalpsychology
reagain, back, backwardrebound
retrobackward, backretroactive
ruptbreak, burstbankrupt
scop/e/ysee, examine, observemicroscope
scrib, scriptwrite, writtenscribble, inscription
selfof, for, or by itselfself-respect
semihalf, partialsemiannual
sphereballspherical, biosphere
spirbreatheinspire, spirit
structbuildconstruction, structure
subunder, lower than, inferior tosubmarine
super, suprahigher in quality or quantitysuperimposed
technotechnique, skilltechnology
tel/e/ofar, distant, completetelephone
term/inaend, limitterminus
transacross,beyond, throughtransfer
trithree, once in every three,triangle
ultrabeyond, extreme, more thanultralight
unnot,opposite of, lackingunavailable
unione, singleunicycle
vis, vidseevision
viv/I, vitlive, liferevival
voc/ivoice, calladvocate


– ablecapable of, worthy ofnoticeable
– adeaction or process, persons actingrenegade
– agestate of being, or quality, pertaining tomarriage
– alstate of being, or quality, state ofmarital, causal
– ancystate, quality, act or conditionagency
– antone who actsregistrant
– archyrule, governmentmonarchy
– ardone who actssteward
– arypertaining to, connected withelementary
– cedmove, yieldrecede, secede
– cidekilling, act ofhomoicide
– ciouscapable ofcapacious
– cithaving the quality, or callincite
– clamcall, cry outexclamation
– clinoleandecline, incline
– cludshutseclude, preclude
– cracyruledemocracy
– cratruler, member of ruling bodyautocrat
– ennialyearlycentennial, perennial
– ent, erone who actsstudent, teacher
– eryoccupation, business, or conditionarchery grocery
– ettesmall or diminutivedinette, statuette
– ficof, bringing, yieldingpacific, soporific
– gonangled, angularpolygon, pentagon
– gradestepretrograde
– hoodfull of abounding in, to make, belong tochildhood
– iblecapable of, worth of, tending to, or having the quality ofcredible
– ic, icalof, pertaining to, similar or likehistorical
– ierpossessing or being, one who actscarrier
– ifyfull of, abounding in, to make state of, move, dotestify
– il, ileact, quality or state, like one who actscivil, servile
– ineact, quality or state, pertaining to, like one who actsheroine
– ingexpressing actionrunning, growing
– ionstate, condition or act ofvolition
– ishacting like, in the nature of, or similar toimpish, mannish
– ismart of, philosophy of, practice ofliberalism, Buddhism
– istone who actsphilanthropist, artist
– itepossessing or being, one who actsfavorite
– ivehaving the nature of, tending towardimaginative, collective
– izeto make into, to practicemesmerize, familiarize
– jecthurl or throwprojectile
– lateralsideunilateral, multilateral
– lentfull of, abounding insucculent
– lesswithout, beyond thefearless, useless
– likeresemblingchildlike
– lithstonemonolith
– logyknowledge, termination in writingpsychology
– lysimilar in mannerfully, carefully
– mentstate, quality, or act ofentanglement
– metrymeasuregeometry
– nesscondition, or stateconsciousness
– ologyscience or branch of knowledgetechnology
– ora person or thing that actsactor, elevator
– oryof, pertaining to, place ofauditory
– ousstate or qualityfurious
– parmake readyprepare
– pathysuffering, feelingsympathy, telepathy
– philiaabnormal liking or tending towardhemophilia
– phobiafear, dreadacrophobia, hydrophobia
– phonesoundtelephone
– pon, posplace, putpostpone, position
– pterwing, featherhelicopter
– scopeseemicroscope
– sectcutintersect, section
– shipstate or quality, art of skillpartnership
– sisaction, process, statethesis
– somelike or samebothersome
– sophyscience ofphilosophy
– spherelayerhemisphere
– statstanding, stationary, setthermostat
– sterone who actsteamster
– tomya cuttingappendectomy
– tortto twistdistort
– tractdraw, draw from, pullextract, tractor
– tronan instrumentcyclotron
– tryart or profession of, state or qualityforestry, ministry
– tudeart or profession of, state or qualityaptitude
– ulediminutive forceminiscule
– ulentabounding infraudulent
– ureact or process, result ofadventure, tenure
– urgyworkdramaturgy, metallurgy
– ven, ventcomeconvention
– vore, vorouseatingcarnivore